China has come under scrutiny with the submission of three human rights reports for the Universal Periodic Review (UPR). These reports shed light on various human rights issues, including the environmental impacts of Chinese companies' overseas investments, the deteriorating situation in Tibet, and the treatment of North Korean refugees in China.
The first report, jointly prepared by several organizations including the Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association (ADHOC) and Même droits pour Tous (MDT), focuses on the human rights and environmental consequences of Chinese investment and infrastructure projects abroad. It highlights cases in Cambodia, Chile, Guinea, and Peru, where Chinese companies' operations have had detrimental effects on both human rights and the environment. Additionally, the report highlights the contribution of these operations to climate change.
The second report, prepared in collaboration with the International Campaign for Tibet (ICT), raises concerns about the worsening human rights situation in Tibet. It highlights the "sinicization" agenda implemented by Beijing under the pretext of "national unity." The report outlines issues such as forced relocation and resettlement programs, harmful boarding school systems, coercive labor programs, the repression of religious freedom, the rapid decline of the Tibetan language, and arbitrary detention, torture, and ill-treatment.
The third report, prepared in partnership with the Database Center for North Korean Human Rights (NKDB), focuses on the detention of North Korean refugees in China. It specifically addresses the issue of forcibly returning these refugees to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), where they face dire consequences. The report also highlights the plight of undocumented North Korean women living in China, who are particularly vulnerable to human rights abuses, including trafficking and forced marriages.
These three reports collectively shed light on various human rights violations and raise concerns about China's actions. The submissions will form part of the Universal Periodic Review process, where countries' human rights records are examined by the United Nations Human Rights Council. The reports are expected to initiate discussions and draw attention to the need for addressing these pressing issues.
Edited and collated by Team TRC